The following is a basic overview of camouflage techniques employed by the ASDU Armed Services.
There are five main elements of camouflage, they are:
In order to avoid casting your shadow out in sunlight, you’ll need to hide in dark places. For example, you should never use established roads, paths, or any patch of land that you can easily be spotted in. Always find a path that provides the greatest darkness to keep your cover.
Guns, helmets, and gear do have a very distinct shape; that can give you away unless you break it up. To do this, you’ll need to employ materials at hand. Here are some items that can be used for effective disguise of your shape:
-Cloth of the same color
Shine is the most common cause of camouflage failure. This is because people are not aware of the things they carry that can shine, such as wristwatches, worn down paint, and even your face. There are things you can use to camouflage your skin to reduce shine, they are:
Cover any exposed part of your body (Face, Neck, Hands, etcetera), be sure not to leave anything exposed. Cover your chin, cheekbones, and forehead with dark colors to ensure they don’t shine. There are different patterns recommended for different environments, they are:
-Blotch: Temperate Deciduous Forests, Snow, and Deserts
-Slash: Coniferous Forests, Jungles, and Grasslands
Your silhouette can be seen from a long distance, even if you are not aware. This can be avoided if you don’t walk around places where your body can be seen. For example, do not walk atop a hill, mountain, or any high point in a given area. Always walk below any hills you encounter; you must basically walk along the low points in an area.
Most people believe that walking through an area in a close formation will ensure safety. However, it will decrease your camouflage capabilities. There must be a definite length between personnel to increase the camouflage capabilities. For example, instead of walking 3-4 feet between each other, try 3-4 meters. Instead of a straight line, utilize a diamond or other formation to increase chances of remaining undetected.
Being well camouflaged is only effective if you have a good spot to hide in addition to it. There are many areas that can be used for concealment, such as:
-Depressions in the ground
-Lying-Up Points (LUP)
To conceal yourself better between concealment points, move slowly from area to area without making sudden movements. For example, take medium steps while shifting your weight towards your forward foot. Doing so will give you better traction and help you avoid traps or landmines.